References for HP2050 White Paper

This PDF file contains the bibliography of references cited in the white paper.


1 Adrian, M. L., D. L. Gallagher, and L. A. Avanov (2004), IMAGE EUV observation of radially bifurcated plasmaspheric features: First observations of a possible standing ULF waveform in the inner magnetosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 109, A01203, doi:10.1029/2004JA009974.

2 Baker, D. N., S. G. Kanekal, X. Li, S. P. Monk, J. Goldstein, and J. L. Burch (2004), An extreme distortion of the Van Allen belt arising from the ‘Halloween’ solar storm in 2003, Nature, 432, 878, doi:10.1038/nature03116.

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4 Brice, N. M. (1967), Bulk motion of the magnetosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 72, 5193.

5 Burch, J. L., J. Goldstein, T. W. Hill, D. T. Young, F. J. Crary, A. J. Coates, N. Andre, W. S. Kurth, and E. C. Sittler Jr. (2005), Properties of local plasma injections in Saturn’s magnetosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L14S02, doi:10.1029/2003GL019164.

6 Carpenter, D., and J. Lemaire (2004), The Plasmasphere Boundary Layer, Ann. Geophys., 22, 4291, doi:10.5194/angeo-22-4291-2004.

7 Carpenter, D. L. (1963), Whistler Evidence of a ‘Knee’ in the Magnetospheric Ionization Density Profile, J. Geophys. Res., 68, 1675, doi:10.1029/JZ068i006p01675.

8 Carpenter, D. L. (1970), Whistler evidence of the dynamic behavior of the duskside bulge in the plasmasphere, J. Geophys. Res., 75, 3837.

9 Carpenter, D. L. (1995), Earth’s plasmasphere awaits rediscovery, EOS Trans. AGU, 76, 89, doi:10.1029/95EO00041.

10 Carpenter, D. L., and R. R. Anderson (1992), An ISEE/Whistler model of equatorial electron density in the magnetosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 1097, doi:10.1029/91JA01548.

11 Carpenter, D. L., and J. Lemaire (1997), Erosion and recovery of the plasmasphere in the plasmapause region, Space Sci. Rev., 80, 153.

12 Carpenter, D. L., B. L. Giles, C. R. Chappell, P. M. E. Decreau, R. R. Anderson, A. M. Persoon, A. J. Smith, Y. Corcuff, and P. Canu (1993), Plasmasphere dynamics in the duskside bulge region: A new look at old topic, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 19243, doi:10.1029/93JA00922.

13 Chappell, C. R., K. K. Harris, and G. W. Sharp (1970a), A study of the influence of magnetic activity on the location of the plasmapause as measured by OGO5, J. Geophys. Res., 75, 50, doi:10.1029/JA075i001p00050.

14 Darrouzet, F., J. D. Keyser, and V. Pierrard (Eds.) (2009), The Earth’s Plasmasphere: A Cluster and IMAGE Perspective, Springer, ISBN: 978-1-4419-1322-7, doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-1323-4.

15 De Pascuale, S., V. K. Jordanova, J. Goldstein, C. A. Kletzing, W. S. Kurth, S. A. Thaller, and J. R. Wygant (2018), Simulations of Van Allen Probes Plasmaspheric Electron Density Observations, J. Geophys. Res., 123, 9453, doi:10.1029/2018JA025776.

16 Denton, R. E., Y. Wang, P. A. Webb, P. M. Tengdin, J. Goldstein, J. A. Redfern, , and B. W. Reinisch (2012), Magnetospheric electron density long-term (¿1 day) refilling rates inferred from passive radio emissions measured by image rpi during geomagnetically quiet times, J. Geophys. Res., 117, doi:10.1029/2011JA017274.

17 Elphic, R. C., L. A. Weiss, M. F. Thomsen, D. J. McComas, and M. B. Moldwin (1996), Evolution of plasmaspheric ions at geosynchronous orbit during times of high geomagnetic activity, Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 2189, doi:10.1029/96GL02085.

18 Fraser, B. J., J. L. Horwitz, J. A. Slavin, Z. C. Dent, and I. R. Mann (2005), Heavy ion mass loading of the geomagnetic field near the plasmapause and ULF wave implications, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L04102, doi:10.1029/2004GL021315.

19 Gallagher, D. L. (2002), IMAGE creates new names to describe invisible cloud features,

20 Gallagher, D. L., and R. H. Comfort (2016), Unsolved problems in plasmasphere refilling, J. Geophys. Res., 121, 1447, doi:10.1002/2015JA022279.

21 Giles, B. L., C. R. Chappell, T. E. Moore, R. H. Comfort, and J. H. Waite, Jr. (1994), Statistical survey of pitch angle distributions in core (0-50 eV) ions from Dynamics Explorer 1: Outflow in the auroral zone, polar cap, and cusp, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 17483, doi:10.1029/94JA00864.

22 Goldstein, J. (2006), Plasmasphere Response: Tutorial and Review of Recent Imaging Results, Space Sci. Rev., 124, 203, doi:10.1007/s11214-006-9105-y.

23 Goldstein, J., and B. R. Sandel (2005), The global pattern of evolution of plasmaspheric drainage plumes, in Inner Magnetosphere Interactions: New Perspectives from Imaging, edited by J. L. Burch, M. Schulz, and H. Spence, p. 1, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C., doi:10.1029/159GM01.

24 Goldstein, J., R. W. Spiro, P. H. Reiff, R. A. Wolf, B. R. Sandel, J. W. Freeman, and R. L. Lambour (2002), IMF-driven overshielding electric field and the origin of the plasmaspheric shoulder of May 24, 2000, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(16), doi:10.1029/2001GL014534.

25 Goldstein, J., M. Spasojevic, P. H. Reiff, B. R. Sandel, W. T. Forrester, D. L. Gallagher, and B. W. Reinisch (2003a), Identifying the plasmapause in IMAGE EUV data using IMAGE RPI in situ steep density gradients, J. Geophys. Res., 108(A4), 1147, doi:10.1029/2002JA009475.

26 Goldstein, J., B. R. Sandel, W. T. Forrester, and P. H. Reiff (2003b), IMF-driven plasmasphere erosion of 10 July 2000, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, 1146, doi:10.1029/2002GL016478.

27 Goldstein, J., R. A. Wolf, B. R. Sandel, and P. H. Reiff (2004), Electric fields deduced from plasmapause motion in IMAGE EUV images, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31(1), L01801, doi:10.1029/2003GL018797.

28 Goldstein, J., M. F. Thomsen, and A. DeJong (2014a), In situ signatures of residual plasmaspheric plumes, J. Geophys. Res., 119, 4706, doi:10.1002/2014JA019953.

29 Goldstein, J., S. De Pascuale, and W. S. Kurth (2019a), Epoch-based model for plasma-pause location, J. Geophys. Res., 124, doi:10.1002/2018JA025996.

30 Goldstein, J., et al. (2014b), Simulation of Van Allen Probes plasmapause encounters, J. Geophys. Res., 119, 7464, doi:10.1002/2014JA020252.

31 Goldstein, J., et al. (2018), Imaging the global distribution of plasmaspheric oxygen, J. Geophys. Res., 123, doi:10.1002/2017JA024531.

32 Goldstein, J., et al. (2019b), Temperature dependence of plasmaspheric ion composition, J. Geophys. Res., 124, doi:10.1029/2019JA026822.

33 Grebowsky, J. M. (1970), Model study of plasmapause motion, J. Geophys. Res., 75, 4329, doi:10.1029/JA075i022p04329.

34 Gringauz, K. I., V. V. Bezrukikh, V. D. Ozerov, and R. E. Rybchinskii (1962), The study of interplanetary ionized gas, high-energy electrons and corpuscular radiation of the sun, employing three-electrode charged particle traps on the second Soviet space rocket, Planet. Space Sci., 9, 103, doi:10.1016/0032-0633(62)90180-0.

35 Higel, B., and W. Lei (1984), Electron density and plasmapause characteristics at 6.6 earth radii: A statistical study of the GEOS 2 relaxation sounder data, J. Geophys. Res., 89, 1583, doi:10.1029/JA089iA03p01583.

36 Horwitz, J. L., R. H. Comfort, and C. R. Chappell (1984), Thermal ion composition measurements of the formation of new outer plasmasphere and double plasmapause during storm recovery phase, Geophys. Res. Lett., 11, 701.

37 Hull, A. J., C. C. Chaston, J. W. Bonnell, J. R. Wygant, C. A. Keltzing, G. D. Reeves, and A. Gerrard (2019), Dispersive Alfven wave control of O+ ion outflow and energy densities in the inner magnetosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 46, doi:10.1002/2019GL083808.

38 Lemaire, J. (1975), The mechanisms of formation of the plasmapause, Ann. Geophys., 31, 175.

39 Lemaire, J. F., and K. I. Gringauz (1998), The Earth’s Plasmasphere, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

40 Lemaire, J. F., and L. Kowalkowski (1981), The role of plasma interchange motion for the formation of a plasmapause, Planet. Space Sci., 29, 469.

41 Lemaire, J. F., and V. Pierrard (2008), Comparison between two theoretical mechanisms for the formation of the plasmapause and relevant observations, Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, 48, 553, doi:10.1134/S0016793208050010.

42 Menietti, J. D., J. L. Burch, and D. L. Gallagher (1988), Statistical study of ion flows in the dayside and nightside plasmasphere, Planet. Space Sci., 36, 693, doi:10.1016/0032-0633(88)90118-3.

43 Nagai, T., J. F. E. Johnson, and C. R. Chappell (1983), Low-energy (<100 eV) ion pitch angle distributions in the magnetosphere by ISEE 1, J. Geophys. Res., 88, 6944, doi:10.1029/JA088iA09p06944.

44 Nagai, T., J. L. Horwitz, R. R. Anderson, and C. R. Chappell (1985), Structure of the plasmapause from ISEE 1 low-energy ion and plasma wave observations, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 6622, doi:10.1029/JA090iA07p06622.

45 Nakano, S., M.-C. Fok, P. C. Brandt, and T. Higuchi (2014a), Estimation of the helium ion density distribution in the plasmasphere based on a single IMAGE/EUV image, J. Geophys. Res., 119, 3724, doi:10.1002/2013JA019733.

46 Nakano, S., M.-C. Fok, P. C. Brandt, and T. Higuchi (2014b), Estimation of temporal evolution of the helium plasmasphere based on a sequence of IMAGE/EUV images, J. Geophys. Res., 119, 3708, doi:10.1002/2013JA019734.

47 Nishida, A. (1966), Formation of plasmapause, or magnetospheric plasma knee, by the combined action of magnetospheric convection and plasma escape from the tail, J. Geophys. Res., 71, 5669, doi:10.1029/JZ071i023p05669.

48 Nose, M., K. Takahashi, R. R. Anderson, and H. J. Singer (2011), Oxygen torus in the deep inner magnetosphere and its contribution to recurrent process of O+-rich ring current formation, J. Geophys. Res., 116, A10224, doi:10.1029/2011JA016651.

49 Nose, M., et al. (2015), Formation of the oxygen torus in the inner magnetosphere: Van Allen Probes observations, J. Geophys. Res., 120, 1182, doi:10.1002/2014JA020593.

50 Nose, M., et al. (2018), Longitudinal structure of oxygen torus in the inner magnetosphere: Simultaneous observations by Arase and Van Allen Probe A, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, doi:10.1002/2018GL080122.

51 Olsen, R. C., C. R. Chappell, D. L. Gallagher, J. L. Green, and D. A. Gurnett (1985), The hidden ion population: Revisited, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 12, doi:10.1029/JA090iA12p12121.

52 Omura, Y., M. Ashour-Abdalla, R. Gendrin, and K. Quest (1985), Heating of thermal helium in the equatorial magnetosphere: A simulation study, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 8281, doi:10.1029/JA090iA09p08281.

53 Park, C. G. (1974), Some features of plasma distribution in the plasmasphere deduced from Antarctic whistlers, J. Geophys. Res., 79, 169, doi:10.1029/JA079i001p00169.

54 Pontius, D. H., Jr. (1997), Coriolis influences on the interchange instability, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 2961, doi:10.1029/97GL53157.

55 Roberts, W. T., Jr., J. L. Horwitz, R. H. Comfort, C. R. Chappell, J. H. Waite, Jr., and J. L. Green (1987), Heavy ion density enhancements in the outer plasmasphere, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 13499, doi:10.1029/JA092iA12p13499.

56 Sandel, B. R., and M. H. Denton (2007), Global view of refilling of the plasmasphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L17102, doi:10.1029/2007GL030669.

57 Sandel, B. R., J. Goldstein, D. L. Gallagher, and M. Spasojevic (2003), Extreme ultraviolet imager observations of the structure and dynamics of the plasmasphere, Space Sci. Rev., 109, 25, doi:10.1023/B:SPAC.0000007511.47727.5b.

58 Schulz, M., and H. C. Koons (1972), Thermalization of colliding ion streams beyond the plasmapause, J. Geophys. Res., 77, 248, doi:10.1029/JA077i001p00248.

59 Singh, N., and J. L. Horwitz (1992), Plasmasphere refilling: Recent observations and modeling, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 1049, doi:10.1029/91JA02602.

60 Singh, N., W. J. Raitt, and F. Yasuhara (1982), Low-energy ion distribution functions on a magnetically quiet day at geostationary altitude L = 7, J. Geophys. Res., 87, 681, doi:10.1029/JA087iA02p00681.

61 Sojka, J. J., and G. L. Wrenn (1985), Refilling of geosynchronous flux tubes as observed at the equator by GEOS 2, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 6379, doi:10.1029/JA090iA07p06379.

62 Sojka, J. J., R. W. Schunk, J. F. E. Johnson, J. H. Waite, and C. R. Chappell (1983), Characteristics of thermal and suprathermal ions associated with the dayside plasma trough as measured by the dynamics explorer retarding ion mass spectrometer, J. Geophys. Res., 88, 7895, doi:10.1029/JA088iA10p07895.

63 Sojka, J. J., G. L. Wrenn, and J. F. E. Johnson (1984), Pitch angle properties of magnetospheric thermal protons and satellite sheath interference in their observation, J. Geophys. Res., 89, 9801, doi:10.1029/JA089iA11p09801.

64 Su, Y.-J., M. F. Thomsen, J. E. Borovsky, and D. J. Lawrence (2001), A comprehensive survey of plasmasphere refilling at geosynchronous orbit, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 25625.

65 Thaller, S. A., et al. (2015), Van Allen Probes investigation of the large-scale duskward electric field and its role in ring current formation and plasmasphere erosion in the 1 June 2013 storm, J. Geophys. Res., 120, 4531, doi:10.1002/2014JA020875.

66 Thaller, S. A., et al. (2019), Solar Rotation Period Driven Modulations of Plasmaspheric Density and Convective Electric Field in the Inner Magnetosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 124, 1726, doi:10.1029/2018JA026365.

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68 Yue, C., et al. (2017), The Characteristic Pitch Angle Distributions of 1 eV to 600 keV Protons Near the Equator Based On Van Allen Probes Observations, J. Geophys. Res., 122, 9464, doi:10.1002/2017JA024421.